GLOSSARY

Abdomen – the part of the bee’s body behind the thorax - the bee’s belly

Abscond – when all of the bees leave, or run away from their hive

Bee Bread - food made from honey and pollen that worker bees make and feed to the open worker and drone larvae

Beekeeping (Apiculture) – the work of raising and keeping honeybees

Bee space – the space a bee needs to move easily around inside the hive between the frames. If this space is too small the bees fill it with propolis (bee glue). If the space is too big the bees fill it with wax. It is very important for a carpenter to remember the bee space when making bee equipment.

Beeswax – the wax that bees make to build the comb.

Bee Yard (Apiary) – The place where beehives are kept

Boost -  a method of helping a weak hive. You give the weak hive some brood from another hive.  When the brood emerges it will stay in the weak hive and strengthen it.

Brood – Young honey bees in a hive that are not yet adults (eggs, larvae, pupae). The first 3 life stages

Brood Pattern - the shape or the pattern of brood where the queen lays her eggs. There should not be too many empty cells in the brood area. A hive that has a young healthy queen will have a good, full brood pattern.

Capped Brood - brood that is covered by beeswax. Worker bees cap, or cover the cells with beeswax when the larva is ready to become a pupa. Pupae are capped brood.

Cell – a six-sided (hexagonal) hole, or space in the comb where bees put honey, pollen, or brood (baby bees)

Cocoon – The sack or bag that the larva makes for itself before it changes into a pupa.  You cannot see this cocoon because it is under a wax cap. (one pupa, many pupae)

Colony – a family of bees that live together in one place

Comb – comb is made by the bees out of beeswax. It has many small holes called cells. The bees use comb for storing honey. The queen also lays eggs in the cells

Drone - the male bees in the colony.  They are bigger than worker bees and fatter than the queen.

Emerge – When the pupa inside the capped cell has changed into an adult and chews it’s way out of the capped cell

Equalize -  a method to help a weak hive.  You change the places of a weak and strong hive.  The filed bees from the strong hive fly back to the weak one.

Evaporation – changing water from a liquid to a gas.  Removing water, or moisture from nectar and putting it into the air.

Extracting – when you harvest or take honey out of the frames.

Extractor – a machine used to take honey out of the frames by spinning them.

Fertilized Egg – An egg from the queen that has been joined with the sperm from a drone.

Forage – to look for and collect or gather nectar, and pollen

Hatch – When the egg opens and a small white worm (the larva) comes out.

Hive – the place where a colony of honeybees live. It maybe a natural place like a tree or hollow log or it maybe wooden boxes made by a beekeeper.

Hive Management – when you regularly check your beehives, and do things to help your bees stay healthy, strong, and making lots of honey.  Good management is knowing what is happening inside your beehives. Knowing what to do, and when to do it, so that your bees are productive.

Honey – a sweet sticky liquid that bees make from the nectar they collect from flowers

Honey Bee – a flying insect that makes honey, and lives together in a large family or colony.

Honey Flow - When the weather is fine, and the flowering season starts. The flowers are producing nectar and the bees should be making honey.

Invertase – a chemical made in the bodies of the worker bees. They use invertase to help change nectar into honey.

Laying Worker – when a hive loses its’ queen and worker bees start to lay eggs.

Nectar – the sweet liquid that bees collect from flowers to make honey.

Open Brood - when the brood is in the egg or larva stage and you can see it when you look into the cells. Not capped

Parasite – a living thing that lives on or in another living thing and does harm to it.

Pest – something which harms or disturbs a bee

Pollen – a coloured powder that bees collect and use to feed the bee larvae  (baby bees). It is made in the male part of the flower and is needed by the plant to make seeds.

Pollination - The movement of pollen from the male part of a plant to the female part of a plant. Honeybees do this when they visit flowers to collect nectar and pollen.

Propolis – A sticky material collected from plants used to plug holes and stick things together in the hive. Bee glue.

Nectar – the sweet liquid that bees collect from flowers to make honey.

Nuc or Nucleus Hive – a small hive that usually has 4 frames of bees and brood, and a queen. It is what most people start with when they start keeping bees.

Quarantine – A rule or law to prevent the movement of something from one place to another. The law is meant to keep a disease or pest from spreading to a place that doesn’t have that disease or pest.

Queen – She is the mother of all of the bees in a colony. The queen is female. There is only one queen in each colony, and she lays all of the eggs.

Queenless hive - when a beehive does not have a queen

Queen right – when a hive has a queen that is laying eggs. You can tell that a hive is queen right if you see eggs in the hive. If you see the queen, but don’t see any eggs then the hive is not queen right.

Re-queening – when you take an old queen out of a beehive and put in a new queen

Ripe Swarm Cell – an uncapped queen cell hanging from the bottom of a frame. It must have an egg, or larva, and royal jelly inside but not yet be capped

Royal Jelly –  the special food that worker bees make to feed the worker and drone larvae for the first 2 days. The drone, and worker larvae are only fed a little bit of Royal Jelly, and then they are fed bee bread. The queen larvae are fed only royal jelly.

Species – living things that are the same or very closely related. They are able to mate with each other and reproduce.

Split - a way to increase the number of colonies you have by taking frames of bees and brood from one hive and putting them in an empty hive box to start a new colony.

Spotty Brood Pattern – A brood pattern that has many empty cells where the queen has not laid eggs. This can mean you have a poor, old, or failing queen.

Strong Hive – A beehive that has a large number of worker bees.  A strong hive will have many bees flying in and out of the entrance, and many frames covered with bees and brood.

Supercedure – when the bees raise a new queen to replace their old one.

Supercedure Cell – a queen cell usually found in the middle of the frame. This tells you the bees are replacing their queen. These are different from swarm cells. Swarm cells hang from the bottom of the frame.

Swarm – when the queen bee leaves the hive with many worker bees to find a new home. She starts a new colony. The old colony is left to raise a new queen.

Swarm Cell – queen cell made by worker bees when the hive is getting ready to swarm. Swarm cells are different from other queen cells. Swarm cells usually hang near the bottom bar of a frame. Regular queen cells are found in the middle of the frame.

Thorax – the part of a bee’s body between the head and the abdomen - the bee’s chest and back

Uncapping Knife – a special knife used to take the wax caps (seals) off the frames of capped honey so the honey can come out

Uniting Beehives – When you join 2 hives together to make one strong hive. Usually you do this when one of the hives is weak and the other is strong. OR you can do this when one hive has a queen and the other is queenless.

Unfertilised Egg – An egg that has not joined with a sperm.

Venom - poisonous liquid put into your body when a bee stings

Weak Hive – A beehive that has a small number of worker bees with only a few flying in and out of the hive entrance, and only a few frames covered with bees and brood.

Workers - They are the female bees (not the queen) that do all the work in the hive. Most of the bees in a colony are workers.


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