Topic Six - Life Stages of the Honeybee

Objectives
  1. To learn the 4 life stages of insects
  2. To learn the length of time each kind of bee spends at each life stage
  3. To identify and name the 4 life stages in a bee hive
  4. To identify and name the 3 kinds of capped brood (queen, drone, worker)

Key Words:

BroodYoung honey bees in a hive that are not yet adults (eggs, larvae, pupae). The first 3 life stages

HatchWhen the egg opens and a small white worm (the larva) comes out

CocoonThe sack or bag that the larva makes for itself before it changes into a pupa. You cannot see this cocoon because it is under a wax cap. (one pupa, many pupae)

EmergeWhen the pupa inside the capped cell has changed into an adult and chews its way out of the capped cell

Open Brood - when the brood is in the egg or larva stage and you can see it when you look into the cells. (Not capped)

Capped Brood - brood that is covered by beeswax. Worker bees cap, or cover the cells with beeswax when the larva is ready to become a pupa. Pupae are capped brood.

Bee Bread - food made from honey and pollen that worker bees make and feed to the open worker and drone larvae

Royal Jelly – special food that worker bees make to feed the worker and drone larvae for the first 2days. The drone, and worker larvae are only fed a little bit of Royal Jelly, and then they are fed bee bread. The queen larvae are fed only royal jelly.

Fertilized EggAn egg from the queen that has been joined with the sperm from a drone.

Unfertilised EggAn egg that has not joined with a sperm.

iDevice icon Reflection: Questions to think about during the lesson

 What is the difference between the food fed to a queen larva and the food fed to a worker or drone larva?

iDevice icon Reflection: Questions to think about during the lesson
Why is it important that a beekeeper know how to identify eggs?
iDevice icon Reflection: Questions to think about during the lesson

  How many days old is the larva when the nurse bees cap or cover it?

iDevice icon Reflection: Questions to think about during the lesson

How many days does it take to raise a new queen?

iDevice icon Reflection: Questions to think about during the lesson
Why do you think capped drone and queen cells are bigger than capped worker cell
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